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6757 Views 5 Replies Latest reply: Aug 3, 2009 6:35 AM by wanlan RSS

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MST Spanning Tree Mode - Why Is It There?

May 9, 2009 1:09 PM

Mike.B 528 posts since
Oct 20, 2008

Hi Guys,

 

Yet another area where I'm confused:  When is it ever appropriate to use MST as a spanning-tree mode?  I'm having difficulty thinking of a use case where it would be beneficial.  Is this purely available for legacy purposes?

 

-M

  • Chris 811 posts since
    Jul 25, 2008
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    1. May 9, 2009 5:54 PM (in response to Mike.B)
    Re: MST Spanning Tree Mode - Why Is It There?
  • Scott Morris - CCDE/4xCCIE/2xJNCIE 8,396 posts since
    Oct 7, 2008
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    2. May 9, 2009 8:47 PM (in response to Mike.B)
    Re: MST Spanning Tree Mode - Why Is It There?

    It's actually the newer of the types.  But it makes things a little simpler to manage than PVST.  PVST+ gives you the ultimate in granular control, but that translates into the potential for more administrative work to get things done.

     

    802.1D came first

    PVST was Cisco's interjection

    802.1Q trunking took a jab at Cisco (required CST)

    PVST+ was Cisco's answer

    MST came about with RSTP

    Rapid-PVST was the combination of the "best of both worlds" from Cisco's side.

     

    HTH,

     

    Scott

  • Conwyn 7,914 posts since
    Sep 10, 2008
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    3. May 10, 2009 12:15 AM (in response to Mike.B)
    Re: MST Spanning Tree Mode - Why Is It There?

    Hi Mike

     

    It is open standard so you can connect non Cicso kit.

     

    Regards Conwyn

  • Sudeep Khuraijam 3 posts since
    May 11, 2009
    Currently Being Moderated
    4. May 11, 2009 1:39 PM (in response to Mike.B)
    Re: MST Spanning Tree Mode - Why Is It There?

    The biggest benefits are in large numbers of Vlans provisioning such as a service provider edge services or large enterprises.

    MST can drastically reduce the number of STP instances to a matter of design choice. It gets you operational, provisioning, computational

    and protocol overhead efficiency while allowing you to run other STP protocols (in the same network ) for finer topological control, if you needed

    it on certain vlans.

     

    Sudeep Khuraijam

  • wanlan 8 posts since
    Apr 30, 2009
    Currently Being Moderated
    5. Aug 3, 2009 6:35 AM (in response to Sudeep Khuraijam)
    Re: MST Spanning Tree Mode - Why Is It There?

    Mike,

     

    Sudeep Khuraijam is fully right about the benefits concerning spanning-tree instances if you use MST. I give you one example from what I have seen in real life in the past.

     

    Using an old Catalyst 4006 switch and supervisor II (CatOS), Cisco best practices for that platform state not to have more than 540 STP instances. Unfortunately that switch was running as a layer-2 aggregation switch connecting uplinks from 6 other Catalyst switches. 160 active VLANs have been configured on 802.1q trunks on every link. PVST+ was running. That made a total of  6x160 = 960 STP instances. The switch was running on an average of 85% CPU, peaking to 100% and cutting off management access when changes were made to the STP. The STP processes took almost all CPU ressources.

     

    After migrating to a MST using 2 instances (instance 0 for non-active VLANs, instance 1 for active VLANs), CPU load went down to an average of 40%.

     

    Ralph.

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