Just reading the Wendell Odom 642-902 book and come accross the following table:
He states that all routes learned in the table are eBGP routes because there is no i in the 3rd column. Not too sure what he means by this, however, my question is; if all these routes are eBGP, then what does the "i" mean in the Path column (on the far right hand side)?
The "i" in the path column as in the below example:
I3_1#sh ip bgp
BGP table version is 4, local router ID is 184.108.40.206
Status codes: s suppressed, d damped, h history, * valid, > best, i - internal,
r RIB-failure, S Stale
Origin codes: i - IGP, e - EGP, ? - incomplete
Network Next Hop Metric LocPrf Weight Path
*> 220.127.116.11 192.168.1.5 0 0 11 i
*> 172.20.0.0 0.0.0.0 0 32768 i
*> 172.30.0.0 0.0.0.0 0 32768 i
relates to the "Origin codes" above in RED. Key thing to note, i = IGP does not stand for Internal Gateway Protocol nor does e = EGP stand for External BGP. The "e = EGP" stand for the old EGP protocol which has not been used since 12.3 or there abouts and you should not see this in use today. The "i = IGP" stands for routes injected via the "network", "aggregate-address" or "neighbor-default-originte" commands.
If ther is no i just after the > or * sign then this is not an iBGP learned route so it is a locally generated route in which case next-hop is 0.0.0.0 or an eBGP route.
The last I as explained above is for the origin of the route that is how was he first put into the BGP table, it could be i or e or ? where e stands for egp which is predecessor to BGP and ? stands for unknown so was redistributed and i is via a network command or aggregate or the last one cited by Brian( I would have forgot this one).
Hi. I'm stuggling with the difference too. I understand the 'i" at the end means its from "network" or "aggreagate" - i imagine for the AS whose number is to the left of it. This would be the origin in path selection ?? (weight/local pref/route originate/aspath/origin)
So what is the "i" in the 3rd column meaning? Would that mean it originated on the router being looked at as opposed to another router? I think I need an example to clarify