get your hands on a crimper, some tips and cat5e or 6 cable, and make a few... it's not difficult and after a few you will be good at it...
below is a link to a video that will walk you through it...
http://www.lanshack.com/make-cat5E.aspx pay close attention to the pinouts for 568 b... most go by this standard...
then look up the pin outs for crossovers and do the same, although most production environments nowadays have equipment that support mdix... but it's still useful to know if you have a home lab...
i wouldn't get too hung up on this... to know the pinouts and the differences is really enough, but it doesn't hurt to roll your own
in the end it is just easier to purchase custom lengths that are also certified, but it is good knowledge to have... fiber is another ballgame...
thanks for the tips arteq,
iv got only 2 routers, i have experience in doing coaxial cable which is a bit different, so my intention is to just play around with straight through, xover and rolled, but iv seen datacenters which have awsome looking cable implementation, thought it was nice to know a bit about it.
and yes fiber is totally different you need very expensive equipment and its very delicate.
You'll probably make patch cables more often since they get moved all the time, but it's good to know how to do jacks+panels too. Depends on the job though; with some jobs, you'll never have to touch equipment or cables, because field techs handle that stuff.
Here's a couple of how-to's for punching down twisted pair on 110-style RJ48 jacks and patch panels:
Random safety note: if you ever choose to run network cables through a return air duct (because it's easier than cutting through walls/joists), make sure you use plenum cable, because PVC shielded cable produces chlorine gas when it burns.
thanks for the tip Greg, useful!
thats exactly what iv always experienced in work. The electrician people mount the wires and patch pannels, then we (IT guys) just mount the server racks and network guys mount the network racks. then there is the basic patching from the patch panel to the routers/switches/servers and in each office/cabinet to the appropriate user, was just wondering if i need to know how to do all from scratch or should i worry not about it.
the other thing i'm talking about is this: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_ZcuNPmLogU
what is the process of redoing and transforming spaggetti into a bright and ordered cabling rack? how you do it?
thanks fr the help,
You may be talking about making cables, in which case practice is the best teacher. If you have access to a simple (continuity) cable tester, crimpers, and connectors, just practice. Make a bunch of 1ft or 3ft patch cords for your lab. Get used to how the wires react. You'll find some connectors are easier than others to install, and after a while you'll get used to how the wire reacts and how best to cut, position, and trim it to make your connections faster. Feel free to ask more specific questions as you go along. You may already know, but there are different connectors for solid vs. stranded cable, etc.
One of your statements hinted that you may be speaking also of dressing cables so that they look neat and professional. That is not an area of my expertise. I try to make my cabling as neat as possible, but it is still something I need to work on. The best I can suggest to you is find someone BICSI-certified that installs for a living and have them give you some pointers. I've seen some *very* nice installations where lacing was done properly and it is truly a network-lovers art.
The technical information is easy enough to find as far as fabricating patch cables, terminating 110 blocks, and even industry standards for cable management. Some Google searching will turn up plenty of information on 568A / 568B connector pin-outs and using 110 punch blocks. You can probably find some information from BICSI (look in the RCDD materials) for recommendations on cable plant routing and support.
The actual art of making it happen, however, boils down to practice. Actually terminating a Cat5e or Cat6 patch cord takes practice. After a few attempts you'll be able to make good connections without nicking wires, trimming them too long or too short, chewing up the outer insulation, etc. Just like learning a wrist shot or how to apply caulk to a baseboard, understanding the concept and actually getting your finger to apply the right pressure for a smooth finish is muscle memory through repetition.
One other recommendation I would give is diversify your sources. Look at photos or actual installations from a variety of sources. People will handle cable management differently, some better than others, and you'll be able to see what works, what doesn't, and even blend ideas to improve your layouts.
So long story short...just start doing it. You'll learn and improve as you go along.
Unfortunately no solid recommendations there. I have a set of 8P8C/6P6C crimpers I bought long ago that work very well. They're a ratcheting style and were mid-range price, but I do not recall the manufacturer. I have a pair of Greenlee coaxial compression crimpers that work well. The operation is very smooth and solid. I haven't had enough broad experience with different manufacturers to give a comparative analysis.
FIrst you need some cable (100ft for practice, or 1000ft if you want it to last awhile):
And some RJ45 ends:
And a crimper/stripper/cutter (note: I can't find my Paladin crimper anymore, but this one looks good):
Here's a panel for practicing 110 punchdown (just used one to wire someone's house last month):
And a 110 punch tool (same one I used):
Edit: forgot the cable tester (same one I use, cheap but works):